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Social media

Social Media

List the real name of the author if known followed by the screen name, otherwise just use the screen name. If referencing direct messages reference according to the rules for personal communication (see 14.214)

Social media content can be subject to editing and deletion therefore it is advised that you retain a copy of anything you cite.

See 14.209


 2. Pete Souza (@petesouza), "President Obama bids farewell to President Xi of China at the conclusion of the Nuclear Security Summit," Instagram photo, April 1, 2016,

7. Souza, "President Obama."


Chicago Manual of Style. :Is the world ready for singular they? We thought so back in 1993." Facebook, April 17, 2015. 

Chicago referencing