According to Singer, (1990) ...
... as it had been identified (Singer 1990).
Singer, MC 1990, Human resource management, PWS-Kent Pub. Co., Boston.
If you are referring to the authors in the body of the text, use 'and' rather than an ampersand. You can use an ampersand if using the authors names in parantheses.
According to Degryse, Kim and Ongena (2009) ...
... as it had been identified (Degryse, Kim & Ongena 2009).
Degryse, H, Kim, M & Ongena, S 2009, Microeconometrics of banking: methods, applications, and results, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
When there are more than three authors only use the first author followed by 'et al.' for the in-text citation.
According to Dierksmeier et al. (2011) ...
... as it had been identified (Dierksmeier et al. 2011).
List all of the authors in the reference list.
Dierksmeier, C, Amann, W, Von Kimakowitz, E, Spitzexk, H & Pirson, M 2011, Humanistic ethics in the age of globality, Palgrave Macmillan, England.
According to Strunk and White (2000) ...
... as it had been identified (Strunk & White 2000).
The edition statement is placed after the title of the work. This is not necessary for a first edition.
Strunk, W & White E 2000, The elements of style, 3rd edn, Allyn and Bacon, Boston.
The author of the chapter is cited in the in-text citation.
According to Kim (2004) ...
... as it had been identified (Kim 2004).
These examples are for chapters or parts of edited works in which the chapters or parts have individual title and author/s, but are included in collections or textbooks edited by others.
Kim, Y 2004, 'Adapting to a new culture: an integrative communication theory', in WB Gudykunst (ed.), Theorising about intercultural communication, Routledge, New York.
According to Tourism Taskforce (2010) ...
... as it had been identified (Tourism Taskforce 2010).
Tourism Taskforce 2010, Australian Tourism for Students, 6th edn, Macmillan Education, Melbourne.
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