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Harvard (Aus) referencing

This guide shows the Harvard style of referencing with examples from many types of today's information sources.

Books

How to reference books

In-text

According to Singer, (1990) ...

OR

... as it had been identified (Singer 1990).

Reference List

Author, A Year, Title of book – italicised, Publisher, Place of publication.

Example:

Singer, MC 1990, Human resource management, PWS-Kent Pub. Co., Boston.

In-text

If you are referring to the authors in the body of the text, use 'and' rather than an ampersand. You can use an ampersand if using the authors names in parantheses.

According to Degryse, Kim and Ongena (2009) ...

OR

... as it had been identified (Degryse, Kim & Ongena 2009).

Reference List

Author, A, Author, B & Author C Year, Title of book – italicised, Publisher, Place of publication.

Example:

Degryse, H, Kim, M & Ongena, S 2009, Microeconometrics of banking: methods, applications, and results, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

In-text

When there are more than three authors only use the first author followed by 'et al.'  for the in-text citation. 

According to Dierksmeier et al. (2011) ...

OR

... as it had been identified (Dierksmeier et al. 2011).

Reference List

List all of the authors in the reference list.

Author, A, Author, B, Author, C & Author, D Year, Title of book – italicised, Publisher, Place of Publication.

Example:

Dierksmeier, C, Amann, W, Von Kimakowitz, E, Spitzexk, H & Pirson, M 2011, Humanistic ethics in the age of globality, Palgrave Macmillan, England.

Additional examples

In-text

According to Strunk and White (2000) ...

OR

... as it had been identified (Strunk & White 2000).

Reference List

The edition statement is placed after the title of the work. This is not necessary for a first edition.

Author, A & Author, B Year, Title of book – italicised, edition number. Publisher, Place of publication.

Example:

Strunk, W & White E 2000, The elements of style, 3rd edn, Allyn and Bacon, Boston.

In-text

The author of the chapter is cited in the in-text citation.

According to Kim (2004) ...

OR

... as it had been identified (Kim 2004).

Reference List

These examples are for chapters or parts of edited works in which the chapters or parts have individual title and author/s, but are included in collections or textbooks edited by others.

Author, A Year, 'Title of chapter or entry', in  B Editor & C Editor (eds), Title of book – italicised, Publisher, Place of publication.

Example:

Kim, Y 2004, 'Adapting to a new culture: an integrative communication theory', in WB Gudykunst (ed.), Theorising about intercultural communication, Routledge, New York.

In-text

According to Tourism Taskforce (2010) ...

OR

... as it had been identified (Tourism Taskforce 2010).

Reference List

Organisation name Year, Title of book – italicised, Publisher, Place of publication.

Example:

Tourism Taskforce 2010, Australian Tourism for Students, 6th edn, Macmillan Education, Melbourne.