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Reference list entries

Reference list order

Sources with the reference list follow the same order as the in-text citations, i.e., in-text citation number 1 will be reference list entry number 1. and so on.

Authors' names

Within the reference list, put the authors surnames first, followed by up to two initials, without full stops or spaces. Multiple authors names are separated by commas. Do not use ‘and’ between authors.

1 author Brown JA.
2-6 authors Brown JA, Smith KJ, Jones B, Troy GS, Westman JF, Doe JP.
7 or more authors Brown JA, Smith KJ, Jones B, et al.
Group author Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Author/s + group author Brown JA; Australian Bureau of Statistics.


A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a unique number assigned to electronic information sources and provides a persistent link to the source. Include the DOI where available. All DOIs start with '10.', e.g. 10.1161/01.hyp.0000035706.28494.09. 

Example reference list


  1. Hoppert M. Microscopic Techniques in Biotechnology. Wiley-VCH; 2003.
  2. Drummond P. Triggers of motion sickness in migraine sufferers. Headache. 2005;45(6):656-656. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4610.2005.05132.x
  3. Gallen I, ed. Type 1 Diabetes: Clinical Management of the Athlete. Springer; 2012.
  4. Gappmaier E, Tavazoie SF, Jacketta MG. Cardiorespiratory response to exercise on a large therapeutic roll. Cardiopulm Phys Ther J. 2013;24(3):5-13.
  5. CMS proposals to implement certain disclosure provisions of the Affordable Care Act. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Updated December 14, 2011. Accessed January 30, 2012.
  6. Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-686. doi:10.1161/01.hyp.0000035706.28494.09