Skip to Main Content
Bond University Library Bond University Library Website

Vancouver (AMA 11th) referencing

This guide is intended to assist Bond students in preparing references for their assignments. It is based on the AMA Manual of Style, 11th Edition, Chapter 3.0 - References, with minor additions to reflect student assignment requirements.

Electronic references

Many documents found online will be best classified as specific source types, e.g. an online newspaper article should be referenced as per the 'newspaper articles' section above.

Websites

General format

  1. Author A. Title of specific item cited or name of organisation if no title is given. Name of Website. Month DD, YYYY. Updated Month DD, YYYY. Accessed Month DD, YYYY. URL

Examples

  1. Vecchione A. FDA clears AI-powered cardiac platform for pediatric patients. Cardiovascular Business. 2021. Accessed December 2, 2021. https://www.cardiovascularbusiness.com/topics/imaging-physiology/fda-clears-ai-powered-cardiac-platform-pediatric-patients

BMJ Best Practice example:

  1. Dellavalle RP, Sivesind TE. Acne vulgaris: definition. BMJ Best Practice. Updated April 21. 2021. Accessed November 6, 2021. https://bestpractice.bmj.com/topics/en-gb/101

UpToDate example:

  1. Abrams CS. Platelet biology. UpToDate. Updated June 11, 2021. Accessed October 9, 2021. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/platelet-biology

Style notes

  • Only include the reference elements you have – if they are not available, omit them from the reference.
  • URLs can be broken to span multiple lines.
  EndNote fields   Reference elements

 To create an EndNote reference manually, use the ‘Web Page’ reference type.

Use the EndNote fields corresponding to the reference elements.

Author   Author
Title   Title
Publisher   Name of website
Date cited   Date of publication – Month DD
Year cited   Year of publication – YYYY
Last update date   Updated date – Month DD, YYYY
Access date   Accessed date – Month DD
Access year   Accessed year – YYYY
URL   URL

Social media

Social media is constantly evolving and the details available for referencing can differ from traditionally published sources of information. Some examples for referencing social media posts are given below.

Examples

YouTube example:

  1. American Physical Therapy Association YouTube page. Move forward: physical therapy brings motion to life. Published 2010. Accessed September 17, 2013. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sCKuRIBCDuQ

Facebook example:

  1. Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Facebook page. Mayo Clinic experts on the best health resolutions. Accessed January 7, 2021. https://www.facebook.com/mayoclinicsportsmedicine

Style notes

  • Sometimes the text of the entire post may be given instead of a title.
  EndNote fields   Reference elements

 To create an EndNote reference manually, use the ‘Social Media’ reference type.

Use the EndNote fields corresponding to the reference elements.

Username   Author
Post full text   Title or text of post
Post date   Year of publication - Month DD, YYYY
Access date   Accessed date - Month DD, YYYY
URL   URL

Blog example

  1. Mackintosh G. Six characteristics of people who follow through with New Year’s resolutions. Weight Management Psychology blog. January 1, 2021. Accessed January 5, 2021. https://www.weightmanagementpsychology.com.au/six-characteristics-of-people-who-follow-through-with-new-years-resolutions
  EndNote fields   Reference elements

 To create an EndNote reference manually, use the ‘Blog’ reference type.

Use the EndNote fields corresponding to the reference elements.

Author   Author
Title of entry   Title of post
Title of weblog   Name of blog
Date   Dater of publication – Month DD
Year   Year of publication – YYYY
Description   Blog
Accessed date   Accessed date – Month DD, YYYY
URL   URL