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Secondary sources

Note about secondary sources

If you can not find a specific rule in the AGLC to match the secondary source you are citing, find the closest rule and adapt it, making sure to follow the 'general rules'.

Chapter 4: General Rules for Citing Secondary Sources

Authors, See 4.1

  • Authors' and editors' names should appear as they do on the title page of the source, except:
    • Don't put spaces or full stops for initials in names
    • Don't normally include author qualifications or honorific titles such as LLB, Dr or Professor. However, there are several titles you do include, See 4.1.1
  • Where a source has two or three authors, include the names of all, separating the last two with the word 'and', See 4.1.2
  • Where a source has four or more authors, only name the first listed author and then put 'et al', See 4.1.2
  • Where a source has editors instead of authors, the same format applies except you add '(ed)' or '(eds)' for one or more editors respectively, See 4.1.3
  • Where an author is a body such as a company, organisation or government department, list that body as the author, See 4.1.4
  • Where no author is credited (whether person or body), leave this field out, See 4.1.4

Title, See 4.2

  • Titles should appear as they do in the source, except:
    • Do not include full stops in a title unless at the end of a sentence, follow the punctuation rule, See 1.6
    • Use title case. That is, all words in a title should be capitalised except for articles, conjunctions and prepositions (eg 'the', 'a', 'and', 'with', 'in'), See 1.7
    • Use a colon ':' to separate a title and subtitle
    • Where a source has multiple subtitles, only include the first subtitle

Uniform Resource Locator ('URL'), See 4.4

  • A URL can be included at the end of a citation to a secondary source to aid its retrieval
  • When including a URL, place it at the end of the citation in point brackets '<>', but before the short title (if used) and the full stop
  • Where an included URL is long and runs over multiple lines, you may use the URL of the general website or the website's 'Home page'
Australian Guide to Legal Citation