This guide has been updated to reflect the APA Style 7th edition.
Please check with your lecturer regarding any questions you have about the style and any preferred variations of the style.
Information about the scope of the 7th edition of the APA, including major changes between the 6th and 7th editions, can be found at the sources below:
Bond University sets the APA Style as the referencing style for many of its subjects, particularly for subjects in the Faculty of Society and Design. APA is an author-date style used for referencing in scholarly writing. References are cited both in-text, and in a reference list at the end of the document.
This guide is a supplementary resource only, based on:
This 3 minute video introduces the purpose and basic conventions of citing sources in-text and in a reference list using the American Psychological Association (APA) Style, 7th edition.
CSUDH Library. (2019, October 29). Introduction to Citation Styles: APA 7th ed [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/_fVv2Jt0o18
Please be aware that any automatically generated citations may have errors or missing elements, so you should always double check these citations against the APA Style guidelines.
A book reference no longer needs place of publication
A journal article no longer needs the words "retrieved from" or a URL (there are several exceptions, see here for more detail: https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/references/dois-urls). Put the DOI at the end of the reference if available, in the format https://doi.org/... If no DOI, finish the reference after the page numbers.
EndNote software allows you to create your own personal database of references, known as an EndNote library. It's a way to keep track of the references you use for your work, and it can also automatically do much of the work of referencing for you.
You must first install EndNote on your laptop/computer. See this page for information.
To use EndNote to reference in APA 7th Style:
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