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Indigenous authors

Acknowledging Indigenous authors in APA style

General format

Acknowledge Indigenous authors in both in-text and reference lists by adding their nation, country and/or language group after their name.

In-text citation


(Surname, Nation/Country/Language group, Year)

(Cromb, Gamilaraay, 2022)


Surname (Nation/Country/Language group) (Year)

Cromb (Gamilaraay) (2022)

Reference list

Following are some examples of the most common reference types. Please see the resource Indigenous referencing guidance for Indigenous knowledges for comprehensive guidance on a wider range of sources. 

Book or ebook

Author, A. A. (Nation/Country/Language group), & Author, B. B. (Nation/Country/Language group), & Author, C. C. (Nation/Country/Language group). (Year). Book title: Subtitle (ed.). Publisher. URL

Chapter in an edited book

Author, A. A. (Nation/Country/Language group), Author, B. B. (Nation/Country/Language group), & Author, C. C. (Nation/Country/Language group). (Year). Title of chapter.  In A. A. Author (Nation/Country/Language group), B. B. Author (Nation/Country/Language group) & C. C. Author (Nation/Country/Language group) (Eds.), Book title: Subtitle (ed., pp. ). Publisher. URL


Author, A. A. (Nation/Country/Language group), & Author, B. B. (Nation/Country/Language group). (Year). Title of webpage. Website Name. URL

Journal article

Author, A. A. (Nation/Country/Language group), Author, B. B. (Nation/Country/Language group), & Author, C. C. (Nation/Country/Language group). (YYYY). Title of article: Article subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(Issue), Pages. URL - DOI or non-DOI



Moreton-Robinson, A. (Goenpul). (2020). Talkin' up to the white woman. University of Queensland Press. 

Chapter in an edited book

Larkin, S. (Kungarakany & Yanyula). Race and the Indigenous social work academic in the Australian academy. In B. Bennett (Gamilaraay) & S. Green (Galari Wiradyuri) (Eds.), Our voices: Aboriginal social work (2nd ed., pp. 31-46). Red Globe Press. 


Cromb, N. (Gamilaraay). (2022). So whose 'Voice' is it anyway? IndigenousX. 

Journal article

Couzens, V. (Keerray Wooroong; Gunditjmara). (2018). Woman spirit - weerreeyaar; Weerreeyaar - woman spirit. The Lifted Brow, 40, 60.

Writing about Indigenous peoples


The Australians Together Language and Terminology Guide states that writers should use the terms Indigenous people/s or Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people/s.

Use bias-free language when referring to racial and ethnic identity. See the APA's style and grammar guidelines for examples of problematic and preferred descriptions of racial and ethnic identity (with explanatory comments). 

Spelling and capitalisation

Capitalise the words used to refer to First Nations people, i.e. Indigenous, Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander, First Nations. Avoid using acronyms, i.e. ATSI, TSI. Do not capitalise the word people/s, i.e. Indigenous people. Please see the AIATSIS resource, Australia's First Peoples.


Include an attribution of the author/s affiliation (Nation, Country, or Language group) in both the in-text citation and reference list entry (Indigenous Archives Collective et al., 2023). The Indigenous Archives Collective (2023) recommend that you do not make assumptions about someone's affiliation unless it is explicitly mentioned.

Writing guides


This page was adapted from James Cook University Library's APA Referencing Guide for First Nations Works and the Indigenous Knowledge Attribution Toolkit.

Indigenous Archives Collective, Faulkhead, S., Thorpe, K., Sentence, N., Booker, L., & Barrowcliffe, R. (2023). Indigenous referencing guidance for Indigenous knowledges. Indigenous Archives Collective and the UTS Jumbunna Institute of Indigenous Education and Research. Copyright 2023 CC BY-NC-SA 

James Cook University Library. (n.d.). First Nations works. APA (7th edition) referencing guide. Copyright 2023 by James Cook University Library CC BY-SA 4.0 International License