When acknowledging Indigenous authors in academic writing, add the nation, country and/or language group after the author's name in both the in-text citation and reference list.
(Surname, Nation/Country/Language group, Year)
(Cromb, Gamilaraay, 2022)
Surname (Nation/Country/Language group) (Year)
Cromb (Gamilaraay) (2022)
Following are some examples of the most common reference types. Please see the resource Indigenous referencing guidance for Indigenous knowledges for comprehensive guidance on a wider range of sources.
Book or eBook
Author, A. A. (Nation/Country/Language group), & Author, B. B. (Nation/Country/Language group), & Author, C. C. (Nation/Country/Language group). (Year). Book title: Subtitle (ed.). Publisher.
Chapter in an edited book
Author, A. A. (Nation/Country/Language group), Author, B. B. (Nation/Country/Language group), & Author, C. C. (Nation/Country/Language group). (Year). Title of chapter. In A. A. Author (Nation/Country/Language group), B. B. Author (Nation/Country/Language group) & C. C. Author (Nation/Country/Language group) (Eds.), Book title: Subtitle (ed., pp. ). Publisher.
Author, A. A. (Nation/Country/Language group), & Author, B. B. (Nation/Country/Language group). (Year). Title of webpage. Website Name.
Author, A. A. (Nation/Country/Language group), Author, B. B. (Nation/Country/Language group), & Author, C. C. (Nation/Country/Language group). (YYYY). Title of article: Article subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(Issue), Pages. - DOI or non-DOI
Moreton-Robinson, A. (Goenpul). (2020). Talkin' up to the white woman. University of Queensland Press.
Chapter in an edited book
Larkin, S. (Kungarakany & Yanyula). Race and the Indigenous social work academic in the Australian academy. In B. Bennett (Gamilaraay) & S. Green (Galari Wiradyuri) (Eds.), Our voices: Aboriginal social work (2nd ed., pp. 31-46). Red Globe Press.
Cromb, N. (Gamilaraay). (2022). So whose 'Voice' is it anyway? IndigenousX. https://indigenousx.com.au/so-whose-voice-is-it-anyway/
Couzens, V. (Keerray Wooroong; Gunditjmara). (2018). Woman spirit - weerreeyaar; Weerreeyaar - woman spirit. The Lifted Brow, 40, 60. https://doi.org/10.3316/informit.036973519792855
The Australians Together Language and Terminology Guide states that writers should use the terms Indigenous people/s or Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people/s.
Use bias-free language when referring to racial and ethnic identity. See the APA's style and grammar guidelines for examples of problematic and preferred descriptions of racial and ethnic identity (with explanatory comments).
Capitalise the words used to refer to First Nations people, i.e. Indigenous, Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander, First Nations. Avoid using acronyms, i.e. ATSI, TSI. Do not capitalise the word people/s, i.e. Indigenous people. Please see the AIATSIS resource, Australia's First Peoples.
Include an attribution of the author/s affiliation (Nation, Country, or Language group) in both the in-text citation and reference list entry (Indigenous Archives Collective et al., 2023). The Indigenous Archives Collective (2023) recommend that you do not make assumptions about someone's affiliation unless it is explicitly mentioned.
Indigenous Archives Collective, Faulkhead, S., Thorpe, K., Sentence, N., Booker, L., & Barrowcliffe, R. (2023). Indigenous referencing guidance for Indigenous knowledges. Indigenous Archives Collective and the UTS Jumbunna Institute of Indigenous Education and Research. https://members.caval.edu.au/indigenous-referencing-guidance Copyright 2023 CC BY-NC-SA
James Cook University Library. (n.d.). First Nations works. APA (7th edition) referencing guide. https://libguides.jcu.edu.au/apa/First-Nations Copyright 2023 by James Cook University Library CC BY-SA 4.0 International License
In the spirit of reconciliation, Bond University acknowledges the Kombumerri people, the traditional Owners and Custodians of the land on which the university now stands. We pay respect to Elders past, present and emerging. Read more
CRICOS Provider Code 00017B | TEQSA Provider ID PRV12072