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APA referencing

This guide will help you reference a source in the APA (American Psychological Association) 7th edition style.

Reference list examples

Reference examples

APA Manual: Chapter 10

                             Chapter 10: Reference Examples
This chapter contains all 100 examples from the APA Publication Manual (Bond staff and student access only).

APA style blog: Reference examples

This section of the APA blog contains examples of APA style formatted references.

Style notes

Please note that the formatting information below, however, you should always follow the instructions provided by your teacher, assignment rubric or guidelines, even when they conflict with the guidelines below.

  • A reference list begins on a new page at the end of your work.
  • Begin the reference list with the title References, centre aligned and in bold type.
  • Double-space the entire reference list.
  • Use hanging indents.
  • Order all works alphabetically by the first word of the reference entry (usually author surname or group author name, but maybe the title for works with no author).
  • For works with the same first author surname, arrange alphabetically by first author initials. If these are identical, arrange next by second author surname, etc.
  • For works with all identical author names, arrange works by year, oldest to newest.

Example reference list

References

Armitage, L., & Burgin, S. (2015). The Pink Poodle, swimming pavilions and Miami Ice. In T. Hundloe, B. McDougall, & C. Page (Eds.), The Gold Coast transformed: From wilderness to urban ecosystem (pp. 131–139). CSIRO Publishing.

Bond University. (2018, May 2). Tackling social media risks and opportunities at Bond [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/ZeWW-VnOUnU

Brand, J. E., Todhunter, S., & Jervis, J. (2017). Digital Australia report 2018. Interactive Games and Entertainment Association. https://www.igea.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Digital-Australia-2018-DA18-Final-1.pdf

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation. (n.d.). Overview of gene technology research at CSIRO. https://www.csiro.au/en/Research/Farming-food/Innovation-and-technology-for-the-future/Gene-technology/Overview

Dellios, R. (2019). Security Landscape. In S. Romaniuk, M. Thapa, & P. Marton (Eds.). The Palgrave encyclopedia of global security studies. Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-74336-3_282-1

Fritzon, K., Doley, R., & Hollows, K. (2014). Variations in the offence actions of deliberate firesetters: A cross-national analysis. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 58(10), 1150–1165. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X13487524

Stapleton, P. B. (2017). EFT for Teens. Hay House.

Taylor, A. (2017). Troubled everyday: The aesthetics of violence and the everyday in European art cinema. Edinburgh University Press.

Watt, B. D., O'Leary, J., & O'Toole, S. (2017). Juvenile fitness for trial: Lawyer and youth justice officer professional survey. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 24(2), 191–204. https://doi.org/10.1080/13218719.2016.1220036